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MEP Design & Coordination from a Single Source

發布時間 : 2021.12.13

MEP Design & Coordination from a Single Source

'The road to success is always under construction,' as actress Lily Tomlin once said. In construction, the route to effective MEP (M&E) design and MEP coordination in the least amount of time leads to a single source. The designer, who also performs coordination, or a contractor, who also executes design, will be your best bet for finding that one source. As a result, a single source must possess additional skills in order to fulfill both jobs and so complete the workflow as a whole. MEP consultants in India can assist in this regard by providing the full range of design and contracting services needed, such as MEP design engineering, BIM modelling, 3D BIM coordination, and MEP shop drawing services, for example. However, before considering the benefits of this type of workflow, it's important to understand what MEP design and MEP coordination outputs are.
MEP Engineering

Building services designers and consultants typically provide mechanical, electrical, public health, and fire protection building services design information (also known as building engineering and architectural engineering). This design data and information is available for all design stages, including concept design, design development, tendering, and construction. The design is often given in BIM format, with spatially coordinated models for contractors and installation teams to install or utilise as a starting point for their detailed design and coordination.

The following design details for mechanical, electrical, public health, or plumbing and fire safety can be provided specifically for MEP design:

Mechanical Engineering:

- HVAC design (heating, ventilation, and air conditioning) for environmental control

- Design of water supply/return distribution

- Energy-related design, such as systems for gas, oil, renewable energy, and solar energy.

- Calculation of the air conditioning load

Electrical Engineering:

- Electrical power distribution systems, including high and low voltage, including essential/emergency power (generator and UPS) systems

- Lighting and illumination controls (including artificial and emergency lighting)

- Information technology, telecommunications, security, and lightning protection

- Fire alarm system with detection and activation

- Timetable for risers and panels

- Calculation of the lux level and lighting

Designing for Public Health:

- Water supply for domestic use (both normal and hot water systems)

- Wastewater and sanitation

- Rainwater collecting and storm water drainage

Design for Fire Protection:

- Protection from sprinklers

- Mist and water system

- There are two types of risers: dry and moist.

Coordination of MEPs

In the MEP coordination phase, the above separate designs are merged and spatially organized to be installed ready. MEP engineers can start working once an intelligent model is supplied to them, using the building envelope, rooms, and volumes as reference points. MEP engineers may utilize Revit MEP to determine areas and zones, as well as leverage intelligent data to provide more detail. When building designs change, the parametric tools will immediately update, allowing calculations to be performed more quickly and easily. The findings are communicated to the entire project team. Sizing and pressure loss can be calculated by MEP engineers. System behavior, appearance, and connection can be predicted using simulation and visualization tools.

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MEP coordination thus entails creating spatially coordinated building services drawings for construction and engineering projects that MEP building services providers can use. Other disciplines contributing to the building fabric and structure are also coordinated with all building services (HVAC, piping, public health, and electrical systems) (steel, concrete, false ceilings, etc.). MEP coordination drawings contain plant rooms, building risers, prefabricated corridor and ceiling modules for healthcare, education, entertainment, commercial, and mixed-use buildings. This multiservice coordination work is done in a 3D environment for all disciplines, which has a number of advantages, including:

- MEP coordination ensures that no collisions occur (validated using clash-detection software tools).

- MEP coordination delivers accurate models and representations of all mechanical components/kits using BIM modelling (unlike 2D CAD drawings).

- Because all services have been verified to work, MEP coordination minimises site-based delays and disputes.

- MEP coordination promotes communication by allowing for easy walk-throughs for demos, evaluations, and value engineering because the 3D model can be viewed.

- There is a speedier approval/sign-off with MEP coordination (since 3D BIM modelling allows clients to view detailed areas in 3D).

The current MEP modelling software Revit MEP can be used to verify 3D MEP coordinated designs, and clash detection in Navisworks has been found to be effective for 3D building services coordination. The spatial coordination of MEP building services models may be checked with this software application, as well as ensuring that they meet technical standards and limits, as well as structural and architectural aspects within a structure. Using cloud-based collaboration solutions like Collaboration for Revit (C4R) and BIM 360 Team, project files may be shared and reviewed with MEP design engineering teams, MEP consultants, and MEP contractors all around the world. Continuous collaboration and communication aid in the creation of spatially coordinated, clash-free, and installation-ready designs.

Design and coordination of MEP from various sources

MEP design has traditionally been carried out by MEP designers or consultants, while MEP coordination has been done by the contractor, which has resulted in specific areas of concern, namely:

- Different systems, software, and processes could be used by each of the service teams.

- Using FTP, email, and cloud storage systems together can lead to design silos, which can lead to confusion, inefficiencies, and errors.

- With the necessity for specific design inputs and the sharing of design updates with architects, structural engineers, and specialist MEP designers, MEP coordination teams may face increasing risks and pressure.

- Massive amounts of architectural and structural design data are shared.

- In most cases, MEP design is provided by one team, with details contributed by 'others,' resulting in longer project life cycles and higher prices.

- Using a two-team or tier method can result in work that isn't completed.

- Misaligned MEP design data, such as schematics vs. plans.

- Design information updates may emerge after the design has been completed.

- It's difficult to keep track of and manage extensive RFI lists.

- At the end of the process, specialist contactors are thrown in.

- The addition of a prefabrication supplier adds to the complexity.

- Workflow changes from one firm to the next and from one project to the next.

MEP Design and Coordination Benefits of a Single Source

Many of these issues can be solved by implementing a specialised process, in which MEP design and MEP coordination are handled by a single designer or contractor. In such circumstances, the design team takes on the trade contractor's coordination role, or an MEP designer is added to the trade contractor's team, allowing one team to collaborate closely with the architect and structural engineer. This system integrates design and coordination, assisting installation, commissioning, and manufacture, making procurement and installation more manageable. Models and drawings that are coordinated and ready to install are among the final results.

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